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[그래머 게이트웨이] 주의해야 할 the용법 3
해토지기 | 2010.07.13 | 조회 15748

  • 알아두면 유용한 동사표현
  • at

    arrive at ~에 도착하다
    ▷ We arrived at the station on time.
    laugh at ~을 듣고 웃다, 비웃다
    ▷ I laughed at my friend's funny story.
    smile at ~에게 미소 짓다
    ▷Look! The baby is smiling at us.
    look at ~을 보다
    ▷ The visitors are looking at paintings in the gallery.

    about

    care about ~에 관심이 있다
    ▷ I don't care about music much.
    hear about ~에 대해 듣다
    ▷ "Have you watched the movie Titan?"
    "No, but I heard about it from my friend."
    talk about ~에 대해 이야기하다
    ▷ Everyone talked about Clara's new car!
    think about ~에 대해 생각하다
    ▷ Dona said she would think about moving to Portland.
    worry about ~에 대해 걱정하다
    ▷ "I am worried about my test tomorrow." "Don't worry. You'll do great"

    around

    go around ~을 돌아가다
    Go around the corner and you'll see the bank.
    look around ~을 둘러보다, 구경하다
    ▷ "How can I help you?" "I'm just looking around."
    pass around (물건 등)을 돌리다
    ▷ Help yourself to some cake, and then pass it around.
    show around ~를 둘러보도록 안내하다
    ▷ Could you show me around the city?
    take around 데리고 다니다, ~을 산책 시키다
    ▷ Follow me, and I will take you around the museum.
    turn around 회전하다, 뒤돌아보다
    ▷ We're driving the wrong way! We have to turn around at that corner.

    away

    go away 떠나다, 사라지다
    ▷ I want to go away during my vacation.
    keep away ~을 피하다, 가까이하지 않다
    ▷ Please keep away from the wet paint.
    pass away 죽다
    ▷ My grandmother passed away last year.
    put away ~을 치우다
    ▷ Would you put away your books on the table?
    run away 도망가다
    ▷ The door was open and the dog ran away.
    throw away ~을 버리다
    ▷ I threw away my old clothes before I moved here.

    back

    come back 돌아오다
    ▷ "When will you come back?" "In two hours."
    get back ~에 돌아가다, 물어나다
    ▷ We got back from our trip to Rome this morning.
    go back 되돌아가다
    ▷ Can you go back home and get my bag, please?
    look back ~을 되돌아 보다, 회상하다
    ▷ I heard someone call my name and I looked back.
    pay back ~에게 돈을 갚다
    ▷ Can I borrow $50? I can pay you back tomorrow.
    take back 되찾다, 반품하다
    ▷ This TV is broken. I'm going to take it back to the store.
    turn back ~을 되돌아가다, 돌아오다
    ▷ The traffic were so bad, so we had to turn back.

    down

    break down (자동차 ∙ 기계 등이) 고장 나다, 분해하다
    ▷ My car broke down this morning, so I had to take a taxi.
    calm down 진정하다, 가라 앉히다
    ▷ Ms. Ling told her children to calm down and be quiet.
    fall down 넘어지다
    ▷ Thomas fell down and hurt his leg.
    lie down 눕다
    ▷ I'm not feeling well. I'm going to lie down for an hour.
    look down ~을 내려다 보다, 깔보다
    Look down at your shoes. They're so dirty!
    pass down 물려주다
    ▷ My older sister's clothes were passed down to me.
    put down ~을 내려놓다, 적어놓다
    Put down that vase! You will break it.
    shut down ~을 끄다, 닫다
    ▷ Make sure to shut down the computer before you leave.
    slow down 속도를 줄이다
    ▷ You need to slow down. You're driving too fast.
    sit down 앉다
    ▷ Please sit down and wait for a few minutes.
    take down 적어 놓다, ~을 떼어내다
    ▷ The students took down some notes during class.
    turn down (TV ∙ 음악 등)의 소리를 줄이다
    ▷ Could you turn down the radio? It's too loud.
    write down ~을 적다
    ▷ Could you write down your phone number?

    for

    apply for ~에 지원하다
    ▷ Ms. Singh applied for the bank job.
    care for ~을 돌보다, 좋아하다
    ▷ My mom cares for me when I'm sick.
    look for ~을 찾다
    ▷ "What are you looking for?" "I'm looking for my wallet."
    search for ~을 찾다
    ▷ I lost my glasses and searched for them all morning.
    wait for ~에 근무하다
    ▷ Could you wait for me for a few minutes?
    work for ~에 근무하다
    ▷ Mr. Donald works for the restaurant.

    in

    bring in 데려오다, 끌어 들이다
    ▷ Can you help me bring in the boxes?
    check in (숙박 ∙ 탑승) 수속하다, 체크인하다
    ▷ Please check in at least an hour before your flight.
    fill in (서식을) 채우다, 써넣다
    ▷ Please fill in this form and give it to the nurse.
    get in (교통 수단을) 타다, 들어가다
    ▷ Hurry up and get in the car. It's getting late.
    hand in (서류 등)을 제출하다
    ▷ Please hand in your homework after class.
    stay in (나가지 않고) 안에 머무르다
    ▷ It was raining, so we stayed in.

    off

    call off (계획 등)을 취소하다
    ▷ Derek called off the party because he was sick.
    drop off (사람 ∙ 짐 등)을 도중에 내려놓다
    ▷ Can you drop me off at the store on your way to work?
    get off 내리다
    ▷ Daniel got off the train at central station.
    pull off (의복)을 벗다
    ▷ Helen was too hot and pulled off her sweater.
    put off ~을 미루다
    ▷ I'm busy right now. Can we put off the meeting for an hour?
    switch off 스위치를 끄다
    ▷ Please switch off your phones during takeoff.
    take off (의복)을 벗다, 이륙하다
    ▷ Please take off tour shoes at the front door.
    turn off (수도 ∙ 밸브 등)을 잠그다, (전기 ∙ TV 등)을 끄다
    ▷ "Can you turn off the TV?" "Sorry, I'm watching it right now."

    on

    carry on ~을 계속하다
    ▷ The teacher told Jenny to be quiet, but she carried on talking.
    get on ~을 타다
    ▷ That's our bus. Let's get on.
    go on ~을 계속하다
    ▷ Please go on with your speech.
    hold on 기다리다
    ▷ "May I speak to Mr. Grey, please?" "Hold on and I'll connect you".
    keep on ~을 계속하다, 유지하다
    ▷ Where's the bank?" "Keep on walking straight ahead."
    put on ~을 입다
    ▷ Don't forget to put on your coat. It's very cold outside.
    try on ~을 입어보다
    ▷ Can I try on this shirt?
    turn on ~을 켜다
    ▷ Dad turned on the TV to watch the news.

    out

    bring our (상품 등을) 내놓다
    ▷ The company will bring out a new product next month.
    drop out 그만두다, 중퇴하다
    ▷ The history class was too hard, so Nick dropped out.
    eat out 외식하다
    ▷ "Shall we eat out tonight?" "That sounds good. What about Italian?"
    find out ~을 알아내다, 찾아내다
    ▷ Did you find out what happened to Sammy?
    give out ~을 나눠주다
    ▷ Marsha gave out cookies to her friends.
    go out 나가다
    ▷ "What are you doing tonight?" "I'm going out with some friends."
    look out 조심하다, 주의하다
    Look out! There's a car coming!
    put out (불 등을) 끄다
    ▷ The men put out the fire at the office building.
    run out 다 써버리다, 다 떨어지다
    ▷ I need to go to the store. I ran out of eggs.
    take out ~을 가져 가다, 꺼내다
    ▷ "Can you take out the book on the top shelf?" "Sure, wait a moment."
    watch out 주의하다, 조심하다
    Watch out! There's a bee by your head.
    work out 운동하다
    ▷ Todd works out at the gym every evening.

    over

    get over 극복하다, ~을 넘다
    ▷ Andrew got over his cold after only two days.
    go over ~을 복습하다
    ▷ Ms. Kim went over her notes before the meeting.
    read over ~을 다시 읽다
    ▷ This is my favorite book. I've read over it five times.
    turn over 뒤집다, 방향을 바꾸다
    ▷ The pancake was cooked on one side, so mom turned it over.

    to

    belong to ~에 속하다
    ▷ "Whose car is that?" "it belongs to Tim."
    talk to ~에게 말하다
    ▷ I talked to the neighbors about the noise.
    reply to ~에 답하다
    ▷ I asked Brenda a question, but she didn't reply to me.

    through

    get through (전화 등으로) 연결되다, ~을 통과하다, ~를 끝내다
    ▷ I tried to ring you, but I couldn't get through
    go through ~을 겪다, ~을 통과하다
    ▷ This train goes through Boston.
    put through 전화를 연결시키다
    ▷ One moment, and I'll put you through to Mrs. Thompson.

    up

    break up 헤어지다, 이별하다
    ▷ Did you hear? Chad and Lisa broke up!
    bring up ~을 기르다, (문제 등)을 제기하다
    ▷ I was brought up in the country when I was young.
    clean up ~을 청소하다
    ▷ Marina cleaned up the kitchen this morning.
    get up 일어나다
    ▷ When do you usually get up in the morning?
    give up 포기하다
    ▷ I want to give up smoking in the new year.
    grow up 성장하다
    ▷ When Timmy grows up, he wants to be a singer.
    hang up 전화를 끊다
    ▷ Randy hung up the phone when he was finished.
    hurry up 서두르다
    ▷ Bob, you need to hurry up, or we will miss the train.
    look up ~을 찾아보다
    ▷ "What does this word mean?" "Look it up in the dictionary."
    pick up ~을 집다, 들어 올리다
    ▷ Joey, please pick up your toys on the floor.
    speak up 큰 소리로 말하다
    ▷ You need to speak up. We can’t hear you well.
    stand up 일어서다
    ▷ At the wedding, everyone stood up when the bride entered the room.
    turn up (TV ∙ 음악 등의) 소리를 높이다
    ▷ I like this song! Could you turn up the volume, please?
    wake up 잠이 깨다, ~를 깨우다
    ▷ Tony, wake up! It's time for breakfast.
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