Affect vs Effect
Affect (v): 영향을 미치다
Effect (n): (명사)결과; (동사) (어떤 결과를) 가져오다
When we litter, we affect our planet’s health, causing an unwanted effect: pollution and global warming.
Assure vs. Ensure vs. Insure
Assure (v): 장담하다
Ensure (v): 보장하다
Insure (v): 보험에 들다
Can you assure me that the store was well insured? Yes, and I will ensure that our company will process your claim.
Bare vs. Bear
Bare (v): 드러내다
Bear (v): 지탱하다
A bear might bare its teeth or simply bear its young while climbing up a tree.
Climatic vs. Climactic
Climatic (adj): 기후의
Climactic (adj): (어떤 행사에서나 시기적으로) 절정의
Monkeys escaping a climatic event like a hurricane approaching a rainforest might lead be a climactic situation!
Complement vs. Compliment
Complement (v): (동사) 보완하다; (명사) 보완물
Compliment (n): (명사) 칭찬(의 말), 찬사; (동사) 칭찬하다
Saying, “You complement me,” might earn you a hearty thanks for the compliment.
Disinterested vs. Uninterested
Disinterested (adj): 사심이 없는, 객관적인
Uninterested (adj): 무관심한
It would be good to have a judge who was disinterested, but an uninterested judge wouldn’t even listen to the facts!
Elicit vs. Illicit
Elicit (v): (정보,반응을 어렵게) 끌어내다
Illicit (adj): 불법의, 금지된
Trying to elicit private information like social security numbers by phone is an illicit activity!
Farther vs. Further
Farther (adv): (부사) (공간.시간상으로) 더 멀리; (형용사) 더 먼
Further (adv): (부사) 더 멀리에 (물리적인 거리가 아닌 경우에 더 많이 쓰임)
The farther you travel, the further your mind will expand.
Imply vs. Infer
Imply (v): 암시하다
Infer (v): 추론하다
The facts imply that we’re missing something. I can only infer that we need to dig a bit deeper into the matter.
Stationary vs. Stationery
Stationary (adj): 움직이지 않는
Stationery (n): 문구류
My poor cat remained stationary while I wrote a letter on my new stationery.