안녕하세요, 모든 해티즌님들 혹은 영어에 대한 열정을 가지신 모든 학습자분들!
아래의 글은 인간의 가장 근원적인 질문일 수 있는 두가지 핵심이론 창조론과 진화론에 관한 논쟁에 관한 저의 에세이입니다. 영어를 잘하려면 먼저 고정관념을 잘라내야합니다. 영어로 사고할 수 있도록 우리의 뇌에게 그런 환경을 충분히 제공해주어야 영어를 더욱 흥미있게 접할 수 있을 것입니다.
영어로 꿈꾸고 생각하고 영어가 자연스럽게 머릿속에 그려지기 시작할 때 귀가 열리고 입이 열리게 되겠죠?
그런의미에서 건전한 논쟁과 토론은 더 좋은 학습의 토대가 될 수 있을것입니다.
조금 어려울수도 있겠지만 밑의 글을 읽으시고 여러분들의 생각들을 나눌 수 있었으면 좋겠다는 생각에서 글을 올립니다. 그럼 영어가 더 이상 두려움이 아닌 자신감이 되어질 그 날을 위해 화이팅입니다.
Creationism should be part of science classes in public schools. Whether creationism or evolution only be part of science classes is a question of whether public schools should only teach scientific facts or teach religious belief systems as well. If public schools only can teach for scientific facts, we should check evolution because there are many gaps and there isn't scientific proof for lots of things in evolution.
According to Sir Julian Huxley, one of the twentieth century's most respected evolutionists, evolution has been defined as
"a directional and essentially irreversible process occurring in time, which in its course gives rise to an increase of variety and an increasingly high level of organization in its products. Our present knowledge indeed forces us to the view that the whole of reality is evolution-a single process of self-transformation." (What Is Science? p. 272.)
There is no such scientific evidence in this Huxley's statement. In another case you will discover the same as the last statement. Here is another example. One of the most respected evolutionary biologists has defined biological evolution as follows:
"In the broadest sense, evolution is merely change, and so is all-pervasive; galaxies, languages, and political systems all evolve. Biological evolution is change in the properties of populations of organisms that transcend the lifetime of a single individual. The ontogeny of an individual is not considered evolution; individual organisms do not evolve. The changes in populations that are considered evolutionary are those that are inheritable via the genetic material from one generation to the next. Biological evolution may be slight or substantial; it embraces everything from slight changes in the proportion of different alleles within a population (such as those determining blood types) to the successive alterations that led from the earliest protoorganism to snails, bees, giraffes, and dandelions." - Douglas J. Futuyma in Evolutionary Biology, Sinauer Associates 1986
Also in this article by a well-known evolutionary biologist didn't show us complete human being process scientifically or exact concepts of human origins. Unfortunately in reality of our social life, yet to find official textbooks for creationism in public schools and students only learn evolution as science subject in regular schools.
However, it's better to find another definition of creationism so debate can be more specific for the subject. As we know, creationism is generally the belief that the universe created by God and follow bibles as its textbook chapter of Genesis.
"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the Deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters."
Creationism more likely is a religious belief, in other words faith. But if creationism can only be religious belief, evolution must be another part of faith that whoever believe because of its lack of scientific evidences as we discovered in the above. In addition, even more statistically, Christianity is ranked as the largest religion in the world today with approximately two billion adherents according to "Adherents.com(2005)".
Charles Darwin, naturalist who was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. Darwin was the British naturalist who became famous for his theories of evolution. Darwin believed all the life on earth evolved (developed gradually) over millions of years from a few common ancestors. By Charles Darwin in (Origin of Species, 1859), wrote "Lastly, looking not to any one time, but to all time, if my theory be true, numberless intermediate varieties, linking closely together all the species of the same group, must assuredly have existed". But, as by this theory, innumerable transitional forms must have existed, but it does not. Since Darwin put forth his theory, nearly 150 years later, there has been no evidence of transition found. Evolution has too many unanswered questions. Not one fossil has been found to prove that evolution has truly happened. At this point, we can also think of the Big Bang Theory. It is the accepted source of Origins among the majority of Evolutionists, and is taught in public schools. However, the Big Bang does not explain many things.
Back to the point, creationism needs to be part of science classes in public schools. There is good research by Jerry Bergman in "Technical Journal (now Journal of Creation) November 1999".
"Secular humanists’ poll finds most Americans are creationists:
A more focused poll was completed by Research Associates under the direction of Professor Gerald Goldhabar of the State University of New York in Buffalo. Commissioned by the atheistic organization Council for Secular Humanism, the poll found 90.7 % of Americans identified with a specific religion. A large majority (83.8 %) was either Protestant (55.2 %) or Catholic (28.6 %). The sampling frame consisted of 1,512 randomly selected U.S. households, and the sampling error was ± 2.3 % at the 95 % confidence level. Education was found to be influential only at the extremes, i.e., those with a high school education or less were more likely to believe in ‘a personal God who can answer prayer’ (93.9 %), but of respondents with a graduate or professional degree, only 80.2 % agreed. Fully 91.2 % of all people expressed a belief in God, and 6.1 % claim they once did not believe in God but do so now."
Also, in his article, Bergman describes that half of all teachers support teaching creationism.
" The major concern of teachers is not if creation is taught, but how it is taught. One survey involving 23 items mailed in 1988 to each of the 200 high schools in South Dakota found that creationism was presented in a favorable light in 9.5 % of the biology courses, and all but one of the teachers who presented it favorably believe that creationism has a scientific basis. While 80.6 % of the teachers indicated that textbooks covered evolution satisfactorily, 51.4 % stated they were dissatisfied with the textbook coverage of creationism. Over half (59.6 %) felt that teaching creationism in the classroom did not mean teaching religion because creationism could be taught from a non-sectarian standpoint. In a measure of the teacher’s knowledge about evolution, Tatina found only 7.1 % chose what the question’s author believed was the correct evolution answer. Furthermore he found that,
‘teachers who teach only evolution, as well as those who include a unit on creationism, were all equally likely to answer this question correctly as those who did not teach a unit on evolution.’
Fully 34.3 % of the teachers felt that creationism was scientifically valid, and ironically, attitudes on the validity of evolution were ‘independent of whether evolution or creationism is taught."
Education needs to be equal and fair for its learners. It can't be along with one side of theory whatever it tasks. Believe that public schools should teach what the public wants to learn. If creationism is avoided as part of science classes because of its religious character, evolution also needs to be avoided as part of science classes as well. As you witnessed, there are so many errors and there isn't scientific proof for lots of things in evolution. It can be a faith system just as religious belief with creationism.
Even in law, it gives us clear answer for it. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution, Section One, states,
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting exercise there of; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
"First Amendment" as education, it makes sense to all students have to have equal opportunities to learn for both humans most defining question of origins and theories as well as liberty to their own pursuit of view point possible. For the aforementioned reasons, schools must be religiously neutral under the constitution. Evolution, no matter how it is wisely provided as theory of human origins, it has not been proven as scientific fact. Creationism is a theory in the same sense and manner. Since Evolutionism is a theory, it should be presented alongside a viable alternative such as Creationism, and it should be left up to the students to choose one or the other for themselves.