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영어 궁금 | 2016.03.17 | 조회 774

다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오. 









Although psychology was not recognized as its own field until the late nineteenth century, its early roots can be traced to the ancient Greeks. Plato and Aristotle, for instance, were philosophers concerned with the nature of the human mind. In the seventeenth century, René Descartes distinguished between the mind and body as aspects that interact to create human experience, thus paving the way for modern psychology. While philosophers relied on observation and logic to draw their conclusions, psychologists began to use scientific methods to study human thought and behavior. A German physiologist, Wilhelm Wundt, opened the world’s first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in 1879. He used experimental methods to study mental processes, such as reaction times. This research is regarded as marking the beginning of psychology as a separate field. The term psychiatry was first used by a German physician, Johann Reil, in 1808. _____A______, psychiatry as a field did not become popular until Sigmund Freud proposed a new theory of personality that focused on the role of the unconscious. ______B______, psychologists were concerned primarily with the conscious aspects of the mind, including perceptions, thoughts, memories, and fantasies of which a person is aware.







 According to the passage, which is true?


Plato had an interest in understanding the mind.


Sigmund Freud paved the way for modern psychology.


Modern philosophers began to use scientific methods to study human thought.


Johann Reil proposed a new theory of personality that focused on the role of the unconscious. 



Which is the most appropriate for the blanks A and B? 


For example - In the meantime


Otherwise - At the same time


As a result - After that time


However - Before that time






다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.









Steam power was first utilized in 1705 in the English mining industry. It was not until James Watt modified the designs of the then expired patents that steam engines began to affect European societies. The industrial revolution was soon underway. The United States was culturally more resistant to these new technologies than England, accusing early metal ploughs of killing the soil.        , by the 1860s, the United States had established the basic capabilities needed for industrialization. Steam-powered farm implements were utilized for harvesting the crops. 







Which is the most appropriate for the blank?


However                          Meanwhile


Furthermore                       Otherwise




According to the passage, which is true?


The United States originally tended to accept the steam power technology.


The Americans adopted steam power for the purpose of agricultural uses. 


Industrial revolution began to decline sharply in the early seventeenth century.


The United States applied steam power over a hundred years earlier than England.






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