Crowd emotionality is perhaps best interpreted in terms of heightened suggestibility, that is, the tendency of an individual in a crowd to respond uncritically to the stimuli provided by the other members. The individual learns to make almost automatic responses to the wishes of others, particularly those in authority and those he greatly respects. From infancy on, he is so dependent upon the judgment of others for direction in his own affairs that he comes to lean heavily on the opinions of others. Moreover, he learns to value highly the esteem in which other persons hold him, and consequently he ___A___ their favour by ___B___ to their ways and wishes. For these reasons, among others, when he finds himself in a congenial crowd of persons, all of whom are excited, it is natural that he, too, should be affected.
Which is the most appropriate for the blanks A and B? 1
① courts – conforming ② yields – tuning
③ seeks – objecting ④ confutes – reconciling
According to the passage, which is true? 4
① Excitement of a crowd is easily contagious to an individual.
② An individual usually responds to crowd’s stimuli after long thought.
③ The tendency of depending on others develops at the age of puberty.
④ People generally make responses to the wishes of the opposite gender.
I began thinking about building a new house in the late 2000s. I wanted a house that would accommodate sophisticated technology, but in a way that technology was the servant but not the master. I found some property on the shore of Lake Washington within an easy commuting distance. The family living room will be about fourteen by twenty-eight feet, and there will be cozy spaces for one or two people, although there will also be a reception hall to entertain one hundred comfortably for dinner. First thing, as you come in, you’ll be presented with an electronic pin to clip on your clothes. This pin will tell the home who and where you are, and the house will use this information to try to meet and even anticipate your needs-all as unobtrusively as possible. Someday, instead of needing the pin, it might be possible to have a camera system with visual-recognition capabilities. When it’s dark outside, the pin will cause a moving zone of light to accompany you through the house. Unoccupied rooms will be unlit.
__________________________________________. Hand-held remote controls and discreetly visible consoles in each room will put you in charge of your immediate environment and of the house’s entertainment system. You’ll use the controls to tell the monitors in a room to become visible and what to display. You’ll be able to choose from among thousands of pictures, recordings, movies, and television programs, and you’ll have all sorts of options available for selecting information.
According to the passage, which is true? 2
① The house will be high-tech and easily controllable.
② The homeowner will be able to go to work by walking.
③ The camera system will recognize your approach even in the dark.
④ The family living room will comfortably accommodate more than one hundred dinner guests.
Which is the closest in meaning to the underlined word? 3
① impeccably ② imperiously
③ unforcefully ④ ostentatiously
Which is the most appropriate for the blank? 2
① The technology will choose what to display for you.
② The technology will be easily available for you in the house.
③ Hand-held remote controls and consoles in each room will play music.
④ The technology will change the program when you are alone in a room.
※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.
Along with many other areas of society, written communications reflect the revolutionary effects of computerization. Postal services had developed over hundreds of years. Electronic mail, or email, became a commonplace tool among computer users in under a decade. This meteoric rise led to predictions that postal mail would fast be replaced completely. As with similar expectations about mail at the advent of the telephone, these estimates could not have been further from the truth. Although email can be quite powerful, it is not a universal substitute for postal services and has some limitations. Every household has a physical location to which mail can be delivered. Yet less than 20 percent of the world’s population has an email account. Even within the United States, only half of the population has regular Internet access. Almost 60 percent of Americans who are not connected have no interest in getting online. Also, email is clearly not suitable for parcel delivery. It has other physical limitations as well. Electronic signatures do not have the legal standing of physical signatures, nor does electronic delivery confirmation. In addition, emailed links to a newspaper or magazine have not been able to displace attachments to paper periodicals. The United States Postal Service delivered over 200 billion pieces of mail in 2006, ____________ evidence of decline.
According to the passage, which is true? 3
① Email will replace postal mail in under a decade.
② Mail was not replaced by the telephone in the ways that were expected.
③ Electronic delivery confirmation has the similar legal standing of physical signatures.
④ The idea that the telephone would replace postal mail was a revolutionary prediction.
Which of the following is the most appropriate for the blank? 3
① only ② mainly
③ hardly ④ particularly
Which is implied by the underlined part? 4
① The telephone would replace postal mail completely.
② Email would replace the telephone completely.
③ The telephone would replace email completely.
④ Email would replace postal mail completely.