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정답 | 2016.03.21 | 조회 554

Steam power was first utilized in 1705 in the English mining industry. It was not until James Watt modified the designs of the then expired patents that steam engines began to affect European societies. The industrial revolution was soon underway. The United States was culturally more resistant to these new technologies than England, accusing early metal ploughs of killing the soil      , by the 1860s, the United States had established the basic capabilities needed for industrialization. Steam-powered farm implements were utilized for harvesting the crops


 Which is the most appropriate for the blank?

However                          Meanwhile

Furthermore                       Otherwise


According to the passage, which is true?

The United States originally tended to accept the steam power technology.

The Americans adopted steam power for the purpose of agricultural uses

Industrial revolution began to decline sharply in the early seventeenth century.

The United States applied steam power over a hundred years earlier than England.




Crowd emotionality is perhaps best interpreted in terms of heightened suggestibility, that is, the tendency of an individual in a crowd to respond uncritically to the stimuli provided by the other members. The individual learns to make almost automatic responses to the wishes of others, particularly those in authority and those he greatly respects. From infancy on, he is so dependent upon the judgment of others for direction in his own affairs that he comes to lean heavily on the opinions of others. Moreover, he learns to value highly the esteem in which other persons hold him, and consequently he ___A___ their favour by ___B___ to their ways and wishes. For these reasons, among others, when he finds himself in a congenial crowd of persons, all of whom are excited, it is natural that he, too, should be affected.



Which is the most appropriate for the blanks A and B?

courts conforming              yields tuning

seeks objecting                 confutes reconciling


According to the passage, which is true?

Excitement of a crowd is easily contagious to an individual.

An individual usually responds to crowd’s stimuli after long thought.

The tendency of depending on others develops at the age of puberty.

People generally make responses to the wishes of the opposite gender.


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