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지현 | 2006.03.24 | 조회 242
A

Present simple (I do)

study this example situation:

Alex is a bus driver, but now he is in bed asleep.

He is drives a bus. (He is a bus driver.)

Drive(s)/work(s)/do(es) etc. is the present simple:



I / we / you / they / drive / work / do  etc.

he / she / it / drives / works / does  etc.



B

We use the present simple to talk about things in general.

We use it to say that something happens all the or repeatedly, or

that something is true in general:

1 Nurses look after patients in hospitals.

2 I usually go away at weekends.

3 The earth goes round the sun.

4 The cafe opens at 7.30 in the morning.

Remember

I work... but He works...   They teach.... but  my sister teaches...

For spelling(-s or-es), see Appendix6.



C

We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:



do      I / we / you / they   wok?

                              drive?

does     he / she / it       do?



I / we / you / they / he / she / it

don't     doesn't          

work   drive     do







1 I come from Canada. Where do you come from?

2 I don't go away ver often.

3 what does this word mean? (not What means this word?)

4 Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.



In the following example, do is also the main verb

(do you do/ doesn't do etc):

1 'What do you do?' I work in a shop.'

2 He's always so lazy. He doesn't do anything to help



D

We use the present simple to say how often we do things:

1 I get up at 8 o'clock every morning.

2 How often do you go to the dentist?

3 Julie doesn't drink tea very often.

4 Robert usually goes away two or three times a year.



E

I promise / I apologise etc.

sometimes we do things by saying something.

for example, when you promise to do something, you can say

'I promise...'; when you suggest something, you can say ' I suggest....;

1 I promise I won't be late. (not I'm promising)

2 'What do you suggest I do?' 'I suggest that you...'

In the same way we say: I apologise.../ I advise... / I insist.../

I agree.../ I refuse... etc





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